- IUI procedure for female patients are as follow:
- The female patient presents herself at the clinic or medical facility when her ovulation is imminent (usually 36-40 hours after she was injected with hormones).
- She then lies on an examination table to get ready for the actual insemination procedure. A reproductive endocrinologist or RE (a licensed doctor who practices ART) then inserts a speculum into the woman’s vagina so her vaginal walls are kept in place.
- The RE then inserts a catheter into the womb via the cervix and deposits the sperm in the Fallopian tube where ovulation has been detected. The goal of IUI is to get the spermatozoa as close to the ovum (or ova, in cases of super-ovulation) as possible. The RE may then elevate the pelvis of the woman to prevent leakage.
- The female patient may opt to stay in the clinic or facility for a few more minutes to avoid complications (which are rare), but she is typically discharged right after the procedure is performed.
Because infertility can be caused by irregular or absent menses, she would have greater chances of conceiving if she is prescribed with stimulants. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is one such popular hormone medication administered to women who have mature ovarian follicles. Once injected with hCG, the female patient has 36-40 hours to present herself to the clinic for the actual insemination. This is the average timeframe that ovulation occurs (in medicated IUI).