IUI stands for intrauterine insemination also known as artificial insemination or human intrauterine insemination. It is the process of placing sperm directly into the uterus in order to enhance the chances of pregnancy.
When iui is need
A woman may need to have iui if she is found to be allergic to her partner’s sperm or if her partner has poor sperm motility, which is when the sperm is unable to travel all the way to the egg for fertilization. Iui may also be performed if her partner has a low sperm count.
Before a woman can have iui it is recommended that that she takes fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries production of mature eggs that are suitable for fertilization. For iui to be successful the woman must be in ovulation and it is therefore very important to make sure that ovulation has occurred. This may be confirmed using a ovulation predictor kit that tests a woman’s urine to tell if she is in ovulation or not.
Once a woman is in ovulation she and her partner will visit a doctor for sperm collection. The man will then be required to produce a sperm sample through ejaculation into a sterile collection device. If for some reason he is unable to produce sperm he may be allowed to go home and collect the sperm and bring it back to the doctor within an hour.
When the sperm is collected it is then prepared through a washing or cleaning process that involves the separation of the sperm from the seminal fluid. This process involves mixing the sperm with a chemical solution that separates it allowing for the sperm to be collected on its own.
Once the sperm is prepared it is then ready for insertion into the uterus. This is done by the doctor by drawing the washed sperm into a flexible catheter with a syringe attached to it. With the woman lying on her back on an examination table with stirrups the catheter tip is inserted into her vagina through the cervix and into the uterus where the sperm is then released and the catheter is then removed after which the woman rests for about 5 minutes. The whole process takes about 5 to 10 minutes after which she may go back to her normal routine.
There are many things that affect the success of iui such as age of the woman, condition of her ovarian function and fallopian tubes or the sperm count of her partner but the most important factor for the success of this procedure is the timing of insemination which must be done when ovulation has occurred.
There are certain things you need to avoid after iui and how to get pregnant with iui on first try.